Important Vitamins and Minerals for Your Dog

Your pup needs their greens, too!

Us humans are obsessed with the latest superfoods — but what are the vitamin and mineral equivalents of turmeric for dogs? Because we for sure want to be feeding them to our pups. 

“Functional superfoods [have] the most beneficial effects on health,” says Dr. W. Jean Dodds, DVM. “They reduce chronic inflammation and promote healing; are powerfully antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti-tumor; and are even believed to delay aging.” Serving your dog the vitamins and minerals in these essential canine functional superfoods will help your dog fight disease, boost energy and maintain good health and weight in general.

So, what vitamins do dogs need everyday and what foods do they come from? For some pet parents, feeding dogs commercial food makes the most sense; it is not only convenient, but — ifthey select high-quality food made by companies with proven records of ingredient integrity — it provides their dogs with a generally wholesome diet. However, there are a lot of factors in commercial pet food to consider, and it might not provide your dog vitamins and minerals for a “complete and balanced” diet.

To ensure that your pup is getting the vitamins and minerals they need, you can add them to your dog’s diet with superfoods like these:

Vitamin A

Carrots, spinach, liver, pumpkin, sweet potatoes, fish oil, eggs, turnip greens

Vitamin D

Marine fish oil, fatty fish, egg yolks, dairy products, liver, beef, cottage cheese

Vitamin E

Plant oils, leafy green vegetables, seeds, wheat germ, bran, whole grains, liver

Vitamin K

Liver, leafy green vegetables, milk, cabbage, fish

Vitamin C

Fruits, vegetables, organ meats

Vitamin B

Whole grains, nutritional or brewers yeast, liver, beans, green vegetables, spirulina, nuts, dairy products



Milk, yogurt, tofu, sardines with bones, raw bones, bok choy, green beans, broccoli, cauliflower


All animal tissues, eggs, fish, milk


Spinach, broccoli, green beans, tofu, tomato juice, beans, whole grains, seafood

Potassium, Sodium and Chloride

Fruits, vegetables, milk, grain



Spinach, broccoli, yogurt, beef, poultry, whole grains, vegetables


All protein foods (meats, fish, poultry, eggs, legumes and milk)


Red meats, fish, poultry, shellfish, eggs, legumes


Iodized salt, seafood, dairy products, kelp


Seafood, meat, whole grains, brown rice, vegetables


Seafood, nuts, whole grains, seeds, legumes


Nuts, whole grains, leafy vegetables


Lean meat, vegetable oils, brewers yeast


Liver, kidney, fruit, vegetables


Available in water


Legumes, cereals, organ meats


Cereals, vegetables, beans and peas